Risk and protective factors for falls on stairs in young children: multicentre case–control study

Kendrick, Denise and Ablewhite, Joanne and Zou, Kun and Watson, Michael and Coupland, Carol and Kay, Bryony and Hawkins, Adrian and Reading, Richard (2016) Risk and protective factors for falls on stairs in young children: multicentre case–control study. Archives of Disease in Childhood, 101 (10). pp. 909-916. ISSN 1468-2044

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Abstract

Aim: To investigate risk and protective factors for stair falls in children aged <5 years.

Methods: Multicentre case–control study at hospitals, minor injury units and general practices in and around four UK study centres. Cases were children with medically attended stair fall injuries. Controls were matched on age, sex, calendar time and study centre. A total of 610 cases and 2658 controls participated.

Results: Cases’ most common injuries were bangs on the head (66%), cuts/grazes not requiring stitches (14%) and fractures (12%). Parents of cases were significantly more likely not to have stair gates (adjusted OR (AOR) 2.50, 95% CI 1.90 to 3.29; population attributable fraction (PAF) 21%) or to leave stair gates open (AOR 3.09, 95% CI 2.39 to 4.00; PAF 24%) both compared with having closed stair gates. They were more likely not to have carpeted stairs (AOR 1.52, 95% CI 1.09 to 2.10; PAF 5%) and not to have a landing part-way up their stairs (AOR 1.34, 95% CI 1.08 to 1.65; PAF 18%). They were more likely to consider their stairs unsafe to use (AOR 1.46, 95% CI 1.07 to 1.99; PAF 5%) or to be in need of repair (AOR 1.71, 95% CI 1.16 to 2.50; PAF 5%).

Conclusion: Structural factors including having landings part-way up the stairs and keeping stairs in good repair were associated with reduced stair fall injury risk. Family factors including having stair gates, not leaving gates open and having stair carpets were associated with reduced injury risk. If these associations are causal, addressing these factors in housing policy and routine child health promotion could reduce stair fall injuries.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Falls; Stairs; Young Children; Injury Epidemiology: Injury Prevention; Primary Care.
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Primary Care
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Health Sciences
Identification Number: 10.1136/archdischild-2015-308486
Related URLs:
Depositing User: McCambridge, Mrs April
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2017 14:16
Last Modified: 27 Oct 2017 14:21
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47631

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