Catalysis and evolution on cycling of nano-structured magnesium multilayer thin films

Fry, Christopher M.P. and Grant, David M. and Walker, Gavin S. (2014) Catalysis and evolution on cycling of nano-structured magnesium multilayer thin films. International Journal of Hydrogen Energy, 39 (2). pp. 1173-1184. ISSN 0360-3199

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Abstract

This paper explores the hydrogen cycling properties of Mg/Cr and Mg/V multilayer thin films and studies the effect of chromium and vanadium transition metal catalysts on the cycling properties of thick magnesium coatings. Two transition-metal catalysed magnesium-based multilayer PVD coatings are compared with a non-catalysed magnesium control sample. The (micro-)structural evolution of the thin film coatings into fine, flakey powders is studied in depth using XRD, SEM and TEM and the hydrogen storage properties of all three materials are assessed using volumetric, gravimetric and calorimetric methods focussing on the effect of the microstructure and composition of the coatings on the hydrogen storage kinetics. It was found that the chromiumcatalysed coating had the most favourable hydrogen storage kinetics with an activation energy for the dehydrogenation reaction of 65.7±2.5 kJ mol-1 and a hydrogen capacity of 6.1±0.3 wt%. The mechanism of the dehydrogenation reaction of the catalysed samples was studied using the CV and JMAK kinetic models and it was found that the catalyst material influenced not only the hydrogen storage kinetics but also the mechanism of the reaction.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Hydrogen storage; Magnesium; Thin film; Chromium; Vanadium; Multilayer
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ijhydene.2013.10.136
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 25 Oct 2017 10:21
Last Modified: 25 Oct 2017 13:25
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47553

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