Three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cell: a theoretical development

Kone, Jean-Paul and Zhang, Xinyu and Yan, Yuying and Hu, Guilin and Ahmadi, Goodarz (2017) Three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cell: a theoretical development. Journal of Computational Multiphase Flows, 9 (1). pp. 3-25. ISSN 1757-4838

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Abstract

A review of published three-dimensional, computational fluid dynamics models for proton exchange membrane fuel cells that accounts for multiphase flow is presented. The models can be categorized as models for transport phenomena, geometry or operating condition effects, and thermal effects. The influences of heat and water management on the fuel cell performance have been repeatedly addressed, and these still remain two central issues in proton exchange membrane fuel cell technology. The strengths and weaknesses of the models, the modelling assumptions, and the model validation are discussed. The salient numerical features of the models are examined, and an overview of the most commonly used computational fluid dynamic codes for the numerical modelling of proton exchange membrane fuel cells is given. Comprehensive three-dimensional multiphase flow computational fluid dynamic models accounting for the major transport phenomena inside a complete cell have been developed. However, it has been noted that more research is required to develop models that include among other things, the detailed composition and structure of the catalyst layers, the effects of water droplets movement in the gas flow channels, the consideration of phase change in both the anode and the cathode sides of the fuel cell, and dissolved water transport.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Computational fluid dynamics; modelling; multiphase flow; numerical; proton exchange membrane fuel cell; review
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1177/1757482X17692341
Depositing User: LIN, Zhiren
Date Deposited: 18 Oct 2017 14:27
Last Modified: 18 Oct 2017 14:32
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47358

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