The closing of forensic psychiatric hospitals in Italy: determinants, current status and future perspectives: a scoping review

Di Lorito, Claudio and Castelletti, Luca and Lega, Ilaria and Gualco, Barbara and Scarpa, Franco and Völlm, Birgit (2017) The closing of forensic psychiatric hospitals in Italy: determinants, current status and future perspectives: a scoping review. International Journal of Law and Psychiatry, 55 . pp. 54-63. ISSN 1873-6386

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Abstract

Introduction. Italy is the only country in the world to have closed forensic psychiatric hospitals and converted to fully-residential services. The international interest around this reform has not been matched by research. This scoping review aims to report the determinants of the reform, the most updated information on how the system operates, its benefits and its challenges. We further aim to discuss the implications for policy, research and practice.

Methods. 1. Selection of relevant sources through electronic search on four databases, Google, relevant printed materials and personal communication with practitioners currently working in REMS. 2. Study quality monitoring. 3. Data extraction onto NVivo 4. Data synthesis through content analysis.

Results. 43 papers were selected for inclusion in our review. Two main themes were identified: 1. Historical chronology of the closure of forensic psychiatric hospitals; 2. The current model of residential forensic psychiatric care.

Conclusions. The closing down of Italian forensic psychiatric hospitals represented a fundamental step for human rights. Further work is required to improve the current service, including potential reforming of the penal code, improved referral/admission processes and consistent monitoring to reduce service inequality across regions. Further research is crucial to test the effectiveness of the Italian model of care against traditional ones.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/893132
Keywords: Italy; Forensic psychiatry; Residenze per l’Esecuzione delle Misure di Sicurezza (REMS); Ospedali Psichiatrici Giudiziari (OPG); Mentally-ill offenders; Review
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijlp.2017.10.004
Depositing User: Di Lorito, Claudio
Date Deposited: 12 Oct 2017 07:51
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:16
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47174

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