Dynamic capital structure and political patronage: the case of Malaysia

Ebrahim, M. Shahid and Girma, Sourafel and Shah, M. Eskandar and Williams, Jonathan (2014) Dynamic capital structure and political patronage: the case of Malaysia. International Review of Financial Analysis, 31 . pp. 117-128. ISSN 1057-5219

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Abstract

This paper investigates the effect of political patronage on firms' capital structure. The evidence is from Malaysia, a country characterised by relationship-capitalism, and covers 1988 to 2009. Using a system GMM estimator we find firms set leverage targets and adjust towards them following deviations at the rate of 28% per annum. Next, we construct a natural experiment and use a difference-in-differences model to investigate if the strategic financing decisions of politically patronised firms differ from non-connected firms after an exogenous shock caused by the 1997 Asian crisis. Our results unambiguously demonstrate a significant difference in the capital structure of patronised firms relative to non-connected firms following the exogenous shock but only for the crisis period 1998–2001. After 2002 the capital structures of patronised and non-connected firms are statistically equivalent.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Asian financial crisis, Capital structure, Political patronage
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Economics
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.irfa.2013.11.004
Depositing User: Girma, Sourafel
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2017 08:58
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 16:35
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/47146

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