Sanov and central limit theorems for output statistics of quantum Markov chainsTools Horssen, Merlijn van and Guţă, Mădălin (2015) Sanov and central limit theorems for output statistics of quantum Markov chains. Journal of Mathematical Physics, 56 (2). 022109/1022109/14. ISSN 10897658
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1063/1.4907995
AbstractIn this paper, we consider the statistics of repeated measurements on the output of a quantum Markov chain. We establish a large deviations result analogous to Sanov’s theorem for the multisite empirical measure associated to finite sequences of consecutive outcomes of a classical stochastic process. Our result relies on the construction of an extended quantum transition operator (which keeps track of previous outcomes) in terms of which we compute moment generating functions, and whose spectral radius is related to the large deviations rate function. As a corollary to this, we obtain a central limit theorem for the empirical measure. Such higher level statistics may be used to uncover critical behaviour such as dynamical phase transitions, which are not captured by lower level statistics such as the sample mean. As a step in this direction, we give an example of a finite system whose level1 (empirical mean) rate function is independent of a model parameter while the level2 (empirical measure) rate is not.
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