Aggregator: a machine learning approach to identifying MEDLINE articles that derive from the same underlying clinical trial

Shao, Weixiang and Adams, Clive E. and Cohen, Aaron M. and Davis, John M. and McDonagh, Marian S. and Thakurta, Sujata and Yu, Philip S. and Smalheiser, Neil R. (2015) Aggregator: a machine learning approach to identifying MEDLINE articles that derive from the same underlying clinical trial. Methods, 74 . pp. 65-70. ISSN 1095-9130

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Abstract

Objective

It is important to identify separate publications that report outcomes from the same underlying clinical trial, in order to avoid over-counting these as independent pieces of evidence.

Methods

We created positive and negative training sets (comprised of pairs of articles reporting on the same condition and intervention) that were, or were not, linked to the same clinicaltrials.gov trial registry number. Features were extracted from MEDLINE and PubMed metadata; pairwise similarity scores were modeled using logistic regression.

Results

Article pairs from the same trial were identified with high accuracy (F1 score = 0.843). We also created a clustering tool, Aggregator, that takes as input a PubMed user query for RCTs on a given topic, and returns article clusters predicted to arise from the same clinical trial.

Discussion

Although painstaking examination of full-text may be needed to be conclusive, metadata are surprisingly accurate in predicting when two articles derive from the same underlying clinical trial.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Evidence-based medicine; Clinical trials; Systematic reviews; Bias; Information retrieval; Informatics
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Psychiatry and Applied Psychology
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.ymeth.2014.11.006
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 02 Oct 2017 12:03
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 17:52
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/46915

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