Epidemic dynamics in open quantum spin systems

Perez-Espigares, Carlos and Marcuzzi, Matteo and Gutierrez, Ricardo and Lesanovsky, Igor (2017) Epidemic dynamics in open quantum spin systems. Physical Review Letters, 119 (14). 140401-1-140401-6. ISSN 1079-7114

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Abstract

We explore the non-equilibrium evolution and stationary states of an open many-body system which displays epidemic spreading dynamics in a classical and a quantum regime. Our study is motivated by recent experiments conducted in strongly interacting gases of highly excited Rydberg atoms where the facilitated excitation of Rydberg states competes with radiative decay. These systems approximately implement open quantum versions of models for population dynamics or disease spreading where species can be in a healthy, infected or immune state. We show that in a two-dimensional lattice, depending on the dominance of either classical or quantum effects, the system may display a different kind of non-equilibrium phase transition. We moreover discuss the observability of our findings in laser driven Rydberg gases with particular focus on the role of long-range interactions.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevLett.119.140401
Depositing User: Perez-Espigares, Carlos
Date Deposited: 14 Sep 2017 10:41
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 09:15
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/46197

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