Application of survival analysis and multistate modeling to understand animal behavior: examples from guide dogs

Asher, Lucy and Harvey, Naomi D. and Green, Martin and England, Gary C.W. (2017) Application of survival analysis and multistate modeling to understand animal behavior: examples from guide dogs. Frontiers in Veterinary Science, 4 . 116/1-116/9. ISSN 2297-1769

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Abstract

Epidemiology is the study of patterns of health-related states or events in populations. Statistical models developed for epidemiology could be usefully applied to behavioral states or events. The aim of this study is to present the application of epidemiological statistics to understand animal behavior where discrete outcomes are of interest, using data from guide dogs to illustrate. Specifically, survival analysis and multistate modeling are applied to data on guide dogs comparing dogs that completed training and qualified as a guide dog, to those that were withdrawn from the training program. Survival analysis allows the time to (or between) a binary event(s) and the probability of the event occurring at or beyond a specified time point. Survival analysis, using a Cox proportional hazards model, was used to examine the time taken to withdraw a dog from training. Sex, breed, and other factors affected time to withdrawal. Bitches were withdrawn faster than dogs, Labradors were withdrawn faster, and Labrador × Golden Retrievers slower, than Golden Retriever × Labradors; and dogs not bred by Guide Dogs were withdrawn faster than those bred by Guide Dogs. Multistate modeling (MSM) can be used as an extension of survival analysis to incorporate more than two discrete events or states. Multistate models were used to investigate transitions between states of training to qualification as a guide dog or behavioral withdrawal, and from qualification as a guide dog to behavioral withdrawal. Sex, breed (with purebred Labradors and Golden retrievers differing from F1 crosses), and bred by Guide Dogs or not, effected movements between states. We postulate that survival analysis and MSM could be applied to a wide range of behavioral data and key examples are provided.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: epidemiology, survival analysis, multistate models, guide dogs, animal behavior
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: 10.3389/fvets.2017.00116
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 13 Sep 2017 14:48
Last Modified: 13 Sep 2017 19:34
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/46062

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