Peptide hydrogels — a tissue engineering strategy for the prevention of oesophageal strictures

Kumar, Deepak and Workman, Victoria and O'Brien, Marie Claire and McLaren, Jane S. and White, Lisa J. and Ragunath, Krish and Saiani, Alberto and Gough, Julie and Rose, Felicity R.A.J. (2017) Peptide hydrogels — a tissue engineering strategy for the prevention of oesophageal strictures. Advanced Functional Materials, 27 (38). 1702424/1-1702424/12. ISSN 1616-3028

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Abstract

Endoscopic treatment of Barrett’s oesophagus often leads to further damage of healthy tissue causing fibrotic tissue formation termed as strictures. This study shows that synthetic, self-assembling peptide hydrogels (PeptiGelDesign) support the activity and function of primary oesophageal cells, leading to epithelialisation and stratification during in vitro 3D co-culture. Following buffering in culture media, oesophageal stromal fibroblasts (rOSFs) were incorporated into a library of peptide hydrogels, whereas oesophageal epithelial cells (mOECs) were seeded on the surface. Optimal hydrogels (PGD-AlphaProC and PGD-CGD2) supported mOEC viability (>95 %), typical cell morphology (cobblestone-like), a migration rate of 17.4 μm/hr and a migration distance of 364 μm, at 48 hours. Positive expression of typical epithelial markers (ZO-1 and cytokeratins) was witnessed detected using immunocytochemistry at day 3 in culture. Furthermore, optimal hydrogels were identified which supported rOSF viability (> 95%) with homogenous distribution when incorporated into the hydrogels and also promoted the secretion of collagen type I detected using ELISA, at day 7. 3D co-culture model using optimal hydrogels for both cell types supported a stratified epithelial layer (expressing involucrin and AE1/AE3 markers). Findings from this study could lead to the use of peptide hydrogels as a minimally invasive endoscopic therapy to manage oesophageal strictures.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: D. Kumar, V. L. Workman, M. O'Brien, J. McLaren, L. White, K. Ragunath, F. Rose, A. Saiani, J. E. Gough, Adv. Funct. Mater. 2017, 1702424, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/adfm.201702424. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Barrett's oesophagus; co-culture model; stiffness; synthetic peptide hydrogels
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Nottingham Digestive Diseases Centre
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Identification Number: 10.1002/adfm.201702424
Depositing User: Rose, Felicity
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2017 13:12
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2017 17:50
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/45558

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