Evaluation of a novel intervention providing insight into the tobacco industry to prevent the uptake of smoking in school-aged children: a mixed-methods study

Szatkowski, Lisa and Taylor, John and Fuller, Amy and Lewis, Sarah and Qi, Wu and Parrott, Steve and McNeill, Ann and Britton, John and Bauld, Linda and Jones, Laura L. and Bains, Manpreet (2017) Evaluation of a novel intervention providing insight into the tobacco industry to prevent the uptake of smoking in school-aged children: a mixed-methods study. BMJ Open, 7 . e018031. ISSN 2044-6055

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Abstract

Objectives: Evidence from the US Truth® campaign suggests that interventions focusing on tobacco industry practices and ethics may be effective in preventing youth smoking uptake. We developed, piloted and evaluated a school-based intervention based on this premise.

Methods: Exploratory study Students in Years 7–8 (aged 11–13) in two UK schools received Operation Smoke Storm, comprising three 50-minute classroom-based sessions in Year 7, an accompanying family booklet and a 1-hour classroom-based booster session in Year 8. We compared the risk and odds of ever smoking and susceptibility to smoking in Year 8 students in study schools post-intervention compared with students in control schools. Focus groups and interviews with students, teachers and parents evaluated the acceptability of the intervention.

Results: In intervention schools the combined prevalence of ever smoking and susceptibility increased from 18.2% in Year 7 to 33.8% in Year 8. There was no significant difference in the odds of a Year 8 student in an intervention school being an ever smoker or susceptible never smoker compared with controls [adjusted OR 1.28, 95%CI 0.83-1.97, p=0.263] and no significant difference in the odds of ever smoking (aOR 0.82, 95%CI 0.42-1.58, p=0.549). Teachers highlighted differences by academic ability in how well the messages presented were understood. Use of the family component was low but was received positively by parents who engaged with it.

Conclusions: Operation Smoke Storm is an acceptable resource for delivering smoking-prevention education but it does not appear to have reduced smoking and susceptibility.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
Identification Number: 10.1136/bmjopen-2017-018031
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 08 Sep 2017 07:36
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2017 05:17
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/45521

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