Performance of polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture in a bubbling fluidized bed

Zhang, Wenbin, Liu, Hao, Sun, Chenggong, Drage, Trevor C. and Snape, Colin E. (2014) Performance of polyethyleneimine–silica adsorbent for post-combustion CO2 capture in a bubbling fluidized bed. Chemical Engineering Journal, 251 . pp. 293-303. ISSN 1385-8947

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The high performance of polyethyleneimine (PEI)-based solid adsorbent for CO2 capture has been well recognized in thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) and small-scale fixed bed reactors through the measurements of their equilibrium capacities but has not been really demonstrated on larger scales towards practical utilization. In the present study, a laboratory-scale bubbling fluidized bed reactor loaded with a few kg adsorbent is used to evaluate the adsorption performance of PEI–silica adsorbent under different working conditions including with/without the presence of moisture, different gas–solid contact times, initial bed temperatures, and CO2 partial pressures. The adsorption capacities have shown a clear degradation tendency under dry condition. However, they can be stabilized at a high level of 10.6–11.1% w/w over 60 cycles if moisture (ca. 8.8 vol%) is present in the gas flow during adsorption and desorption. Breakthrough capacities can be stabilized at the level of 7.6–8.2% w/w with the gas–solid contact time of 13 s. The adsorption capacities for the simulated flue gases containing 5% CO2 are only slightly lower than those for the simulated flue gases containing 15% CO2, indicating that the PEI–silica adsorbent is suitable for CO2 capture from flue gases of both coal-fired and natural gas-fired combined cycle power plants. The exothermal heat of adsorption is estimated by the energy balance in the fluidized bed reactor and found to be close (within 10%) to the measured value by TG-DSC. The regeneration heat for the as prepared PEI–silica adsorbent is found to be 2360 kJ/kgCO2 assuming 75% recovery of sensible heat which is well below the values of 3900–4500 kJ/kgCO2 for a typical MEA scrubbing process with 90% recovery of sensible heat.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Carbon capture, PEI, Solid adsorbent, Bubbling fluidized bed
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
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Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2017 10:36
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 16:51

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