Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the United Kingdom

Betts, Georgina and Ratschen, Elena and Opazo-Breton, Magdalena and Grainge, Matthew J. (2017) Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the United Kingdom. Journal of Public Health . ISSN 1741-3850 (In Press)

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Abstract

Background: Recent guidelines from the United Kingdom recommend that men and women should drink no more than 14 units of alcohol per week. This recommendation takes into account the link between alcohol and several cancers; however, there is a dearth of high quality evidence from the UK to support this.

Methods: Alcohol consumption using a detailed diary was obtained from 8,670 adults representative of the UK population in 1984/5, with follow-up data from cancer registries until 2009. Hazard ratios (HR) adjusted for several variables including cigarette smoking were calculated for cancers of the breast, lung, colorectum and prostate separately using Cox regression.

Results: Units per week on a typical basis, fitted as a linear term, was associated with breast cancer in women (HR=1.27 per 10 units/week; 95% CI 1.03-1.58) and lung cancer in men (HR=1.16; 1.06-1.27). Increased risks of lung (HR=2.23; 1.18-4.24) and colorectal (HR = 2.28; 1.13-4.57) cancer were seen in men at 15-28 units/week along with higher levels of consumption. Some findings differed by alcohol type.

Conclusions: Overall, alcohol consumption of 15-28 units/week may be harmful in men with respect to common cancers. A linear association between alcohol consumption and risk of breast cancer was observed in women.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced version of an article accepted for publication in Journal of Public Health following peer review. The version of record Georgina Betts, Elena Ratschen, Magdalena Opazo Breton, Matthew J. Grainge; Alcohol consumption and risk of common cancers: evidence from a cohort of adults from the UK, Journal of Public Health is available online at: https://academic.oup.com/jpubhealth/article/doi/10.1093/pubmed/fdx123/4110324/Alcohol-consumption-and-risk-of-common-cancers.
Keywords: alcohol consumption, cancer, epidemiology
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Identification Number: 10.1093/pubmed/fdx123
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 01 Sep 2017 08:47
Last Modified: 21 Sep 2017 17:13
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/45336

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