How gender-expectancy affects the processing of “them”

Doherty, Alice and Conklin, Kathy (2016) How gender-expectancy affects the processing of “them”. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology, 70 (4). pp. 718-735. ISSN 1747-0218

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (594kB) | Preview

Abstract

How sensitive is pronoun processing to expectancies based on real-world knowledge and language usage? The current study links research on the integration of gender stereotypes and number-mismatch to explore this question. It focuses on the use of them to refer to antecedents of different levels of gender-expectancy (low–cyclist, high–mechanic, known–spokeswoman). In a rating task, them is considered increasingly unnatural with greater gender expectancy. However, participants might not be able to differentiate high-expectancy and gender-known antecedents online because they initially search for plural antecedents (e.g., Sanford & Filik), and they make all-or-nothing gender inferences. An eye-tracking study reveals early differences in the processing of them with antecedents of high gender-expectancy compared with gender-known antecedents. This suggests that participants have rapid access to the expected gender of the antecedent and the level of that expectancy.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is an Accepted Manuscript of an article published by Taylor & Francis in Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology on 15/03/2016, available online: http://www.tandfonline.com/10.1080/17470218.2016.1154582
Keywords: Pronoun; Number agreement; Gender agreement; Stereotypical gender; Language usage
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Arts > School of English
Identification Number: 10.1080/17470218.2016.1154582
Depositing User: Conklin, Dr. Kathy
Date Deposited: 30 Aug 2017 08:09
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2017 08:16
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/45187

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View