Colour-kinematics duality and the Drinfeld double of the Lie algebra of diffeomorphisms

Fu, Chih-Hao and Krasnov, Kirill (2017) Colour-kinematics duality and the Drinfeld double of the Lie algebra of diffeomorphisms. Journal of High Energy Physics, 2017 . 75/1-75/40. ISSN 1029-8479

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Colour-kinematics duality suggests that Yang-Mills (YM) theory possesses some hidden Lie algebraic structure. So far this structure has resisted understanding, apart from some progress in the self-dual sector. We show that there is indeed a Lie algebra behind the YM Feynman rules. The Lie algebra we uncover is the Drinfeld double of the Lie algebra of vector fields. More specifically, we show that the kinematic numerators following from the YM Feynman rules satisfy a version of the Jacobi identity, in that the Jacobiator of the bracket defined by the YM cubic vertex is cancelled by the contribution of the YM quartic vertex. We then show that this Jacobi-like identity is in fact the Jacobi identity of the Drinfeld double. All our considerations are off-shell. Our construction explains why numerators computed using the Feynman rules satisfy the colour-kinematics at four but not at higher numbers of points. It also suggests a way of modifying the Feynman rules so that the duality can continue to hold for an arbitrary number of gluons. Our construction stops short of producing explicit higher point numerators because of an absence of a certain property at four points. We comment on possible ways of correcting this, but leave the next word in the story to future work.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Scattering Amplitudes, Differential and Algebraic Geometry
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Mathematical Sciences
Identification Number: 10.1007/JHEP01(2017)075
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2017 10:17
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 23:15

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