Suitability of mortars produced using laterite and ceramic wastes: mechanical and microscale analysis

Awoyera, P.O. and Dawson, Andrew and Thom, Nicholas and Akinmusuru, J.O. (2017) Suitability of mortars produced using laterite and ceramic wastes: mechanical and microscale analysis. Construction and Building Materials, 148 . pp. 195-203. ISSN 1879-0526

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Abstract

Using industrial wastes and local materials as artificial aggregates in cement based materials remains a relevant measure for conservation of natural sources. In this study, novel cementitious mixes containing pulverized ceramic blended cement, ceramic aggregate and laterite were systematically combined to produce cement mortars. The mortar specimens were cured in water for a maximum of 28 days. At maturity, nondestructive tests, X-ray CT scan and ultrasonic pulse velocity, were performed on hardened mortars. Thereafter, a series of predefined properties, namely dry bulk density, compressive and flexural strength, water absorption coefficient (due to capillary) of the hardened mortars were determined. Finally, in order to understand the hydration mechanism of the materials as it relates to the strength properties, microscale tests, SEM and XRD, were used to examine the fragments of the selected mortars. From the results, a mortar sample containing 10% ceramic powder and 100% ceramic aggregate as replacements for cement and sand respectively, gave higher strength values than the reference and other mixes. Microstructural analysis of the best mix revealed that it has larger proportions of ettringite, portlandite and calcite than the reference mix, and this could be responsible for the strength gained. Thus, despite the apparent low reactivity of crushed ceramic material, this can improve bonding in cement-based mixture, when used at an appropriate concentration.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Ceramic waste, Laterite, Microstructural analysis, Pozzolan, Strength properties, Mortar, Ettringite, Portlandite, Calcite, Quartz
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.05.031
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2017 10:49
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 23:29
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/44547

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