Neural correlates of three types of negative life events during angry face processing in adolescents

Gollier-Briant, Fanny and Pallière-Martinot, Marie-Laure and Lemaitre, Hervé and Miranda, Ruben and Vulser, Hélène and Goodman, Robert and Penttilä, Jani and Struve, Maren and Fadai, Tahmine and Kappel, Viola and Poustka, Luise and Grimmer, Yvonne and Bromberg, Uli and Conrod, Patricia and Banaschewski, Tobias and Barker, Gareth J. and Bokde, Arun L.W. and Büchel, Christian and Flor, Herta and Gallinat, Jürgen and Garavan, Hugh and Heinz, Andreas and Lawrence, Claire and Mann, Karl and Nees, Frauke and Paus, Tomas and Pausova, Zdenka and Frouin, Vincent and Rietschel, Marcella and Robbins, Trevor W. and Smolka, Michael N. and Schumann, Gunter and Martinot, Jean-Luc and Artiges, Eric (2016) Neural correlates of three types of negative life events during angry face processing in adolescents. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11 (12). pp. 1961-1969. ISSN 1749-5024

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Abstract

Negative life events (NLE) contribute to anxiety and depression disorders, but their relationship with brain functioning in adolescence has rarely been studied. We hypothesized that neural response to social threat would relate to NLE in the frontal–limbic emotional regions. Participants (N = 685) were drawn from the Imagen database of 14-year-old community adolescents recruited in schools. They underwent functional MRI while viewing angry and neutral faces, as a probe to neural response to social threat. Lifetime NLEs were assessed using the ‘distress’, ‘family’ and ‘accident’ subscales from a life event dimensional questionnaire. Relationships between NLE subscale scores and neural response were investigated. Links of NLE subscales scores with anxiety or depression outcomes at the age of 16 years were also investigated. Lifetime ‘distress’ positively correlated with ventral-lateral orbitofrontal and temporal cortex activations during angry face processing. ‘Distress’ scores correlated with the probabilities of meeting criteria for Generalized Anxiety Disorder or Major Depressive Disorder at the age of 16 years. Lifetime ‘family’ and ‘accident’ scores did not relate with neural response or follow-up conditions, however. Thus, different types of NLEs differentially predicted neural responses to threat during adolescence, and differentially predicted a de novo internalizing condition 2 years later. The deleterious effect of self-referential NLEs is suggested.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: adolescence, anxiety, depression, fMRI, negative life events, social threat
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: 10.1093/scan/nsw100
Related URLs:
Depositing User: Lawrence, Claire
Date Deposited: 02 Aug 2017 08:22
Last Modified: 02 Aug 2017 19:15
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/44534

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