The placental renin-angiotensin system and oxidative stress in pre-eclampsia

Mistry, H.D., Kurlak, L.O. and Broughton Pipkin, Fiona (2013) The placental renin-angiotensin system and oxidative stress in pre-eclampsia. Placenta, 34 (2). pp. 182-186. ISSN 1532-3102

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There is an inverse correlation between human birthweight and umbilical venous angiotensin II (AngII) concentrations. Oxidative stress and increased pro-renin receptor (PRR) both enhance the cleavage of angiotensin I from angiotensinogen (AGT). Pre-eclampsia, a hypertensive disorder of pregnancy, manifests as high blood pressure and proteinuria, and is a state of increased oxidative stress.

Objectives, study design and main outcome measures

Hypothesis: Pre-eclampsia will be associated with increased placental expression of components of the renin–angiotensin system, which could result in reduced infant birthweight. Biopsies were taken 1 cm from the placental edge from 27 normotensive controls and 23 pre-eclamptic White European women. Immunohistochemistry was performed for AGT, PRR, glutathione peroxidase 3 (GPx3) and the AT1R and AT2R AngII receptors. Protein expression was semi-quantitatively assessed (H-score).

Results: AT1R expression was significantly increased in pre-eclamptic placentae, and negatively correlated with birthweight (r = −0.529, P = 0.009). AT1R expression was also negatively correlated with GPx3 expression overall (r = −0.647; P = 0.005). AT2R expression positively correlated with AGT (r = 0.615, P = 0.002) in the pre-eclamptic placentae only.

Conclusions: The raised AT1R expression in pre-eclampsia, together with inadequate antioxidant protection, possibly through lower GPx activity, might enhance the vasoconstrictor effect of locally-generated AngII, contributing to the restricted fetal growth characteristic of pre-eclampsia. Conversely, the AT2R:AGT association within the pre-eclamptic placenta may provide a compensatory mechanism.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Child Health, Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Identification Number:
Depositing User: Mistry, Hiten
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 13:40
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 16:35

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