Dually sensitive dextran-based micelles for methotrexate delivery

Blanco-Fernandez, B. and Concheiro, A. and Makwana, H. and Fernandez-Trillo, Francisco and Alexander, Cameron and Alvarez-Lorenzo, C. (2017) Dually sensitive dextran-based micelles for methotrexate delivery. RSC Advances, 7 (24). pp. 14448-14460. ISSN 2046-2069

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Abstract

Temperature-sensitive polymeric micelles were prepared from dextran grafted with poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (PNIPAAm) or polyethylene glycol methyl ether (PEGMA) via controlled radical polymerization and evaluated as delivery systems of the anticancer drug methotrexate (MTX). Polymer-grafting was carried out after introduction of initiating groups onto the polysaccharide backbone, without the need for protection of hydroxyl groups and avoiding the use of toxic solvents. Temperature-responsive dextran-based copolymers were designed to exhibit self-aggregation behaviour, affinity for MTX and high cellular internalization. In addition, some grafted polymers incorporated 2-aminoethyl methacrylate to reinforce MTX encapsulation in the micelles by means of ionic interactions. Dextran-based micelles were cytocompatible and had an appropriate size to be used as drug carriers. MTX release was dependent on the pH and temperature. The combination of poly(2-aminoethylmethacrylate) and PNIPAAm with the dextran backbone permitted the complete release of MTX at normal physiological temperature. Co-polymer micelles were highly internalized by tumour cells (CHO-K1) and, when loaded with MTX, led to enhanced cytotoxicity compared to the free drug.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Pharmacy
Identification Number: 10.1039/c7ra00696a
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2017 12:14
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2017 20:42
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/44129

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