Galaxy Zoo: the interplay of quenching mechanisms in the group environment

Smethurst, R.J. and Lintott, C.J. and Bamford, S.P. and Hart, R.E. and Kruk, S.J. and Masters, K.L. and Nichol, R.C. and Simmons, B.D. (2017) Galaxy Zoo: the interplay of quenching mechanisms in the group environment. Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, 469 (3). pp. 3670-3687. ISSN 0035-8711

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Download (1MB) | Preview

Abstract

Does the environment of a galaxy directly influence the quenching history of a galaxy? Here, we investigate the detailed morphological structures and star formation histories of a sample of SDSS group galaxies with both classifications from Galaxy Zoo 2 and near ultra-violet (NUV) detections in GALEX. We use the optical and NUV colours to infer the quenching time and rate describing a simple exponentially declining star formation history for each galaxy, along with a control sample of field galaxies. We find that the time since quenching and the rate of quenching do not correlate with the relative velocity of a satellite but are correlated with the group potential. This quenching occurs within an average quenching time-scale of ∼2.5 Gyr from star forming to complete quiescence, during an average infall time (from ∼10 R200 to 0.01 R200) of ∼2.6 Gyr. Our results suggest that the environment does play a direct role in galaxy quenching through quenching mechanisms that are correlated with the group potential, such as harassment, interactions or starvation. Environmental quenching mechanisms that are correlated with satellite velocity, such as ram-pressure stripping, are not the main cause of quenching in the group environment. We find that no single mechanism dominates over another, except in the most extreme environments or masses. Instead, an interplay of mergers, mass and morphological quenching and environment-driven quenching mechanisms dependent on the group potential drive galaxy evolution in groups.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society following peer review. The version of record [R. J. Smethurst, C. J. Lintott, S. P. Bamford, R. E. Hart, S. J. Kruk, K. L. Masters, R. C. Nichol, B. D. Simmons; Galaxy Zoo: the interplay of quenching mechanisms in the group environment. Mon Not R Astron Soc 2017; 469 (3): 3670-3687. doi: 10.1093/mnras/stx973 is available online at: https://doi.org/10.1093/mnras/stx973.
Keywords: galaxies: evolution, galaxies: groups: general, galaxies: photometry, galaxies: statistics
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: 10.1093/mnras/stx973
Depositing User: Bamford, Steven
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2017 13:09
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 23:50
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43969

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View