Assessing differences in legislators’ revealed preferences: a case study on the 107th U.S. Senate

Lofland, Chelsea L. and Rodríguez, Abel and Moser, Scott (2017) Assessing differences in legislators’ revealed preferences: a case study on the 107th U.S. Senate. Annals of Applied Statistics, 11 (1). pp. 456-479. ISSN 1941-7330

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Abstract

Roll call data are widely used to assess legislators’ preferences and ideology, as well as test theories of legislative behavior. In particular, roll call data is often used to determine whether the revealed preferences of legislators are affected by outside forces such as party pressure, minority status or procedural rules. This paper describes a Bayesian hierarchical model that extends existing spatial voting models to test sharp hypotheses about differences in preferences using posterior probabilities associated with such hypotheses. We use our model to investigate the effect of the change of party majority status during the 107th U.S. Senate on the revealed preferences of senators. This analysis provides evidence that change in party affiliation might affect the revealed preferences of legislators, but provides no evidence about the effect of majority status on the revealed preferences of legislators.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Spatial voting model, Hypothesis testing, Spike-and-slab prior, Revealed preferences, Factor analysis
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Politics and International Relations
Identification Number: 10.1214/16-AOAS951
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2017 08:24
Last Modified: 30 Jun 2017 00:35
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43788

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