In situ polymerisation of isoeugenol as a green consolidation method for waterlogged archaeological wood

McHale, Emily and Steindal, Calin C. and Kutzke, Hartmut and Benneche, Tore and Harding, Stephen E. (2017) In situ polymerisation of isoeugenol as a green consolidation method for waterlogged archaeological wood. Scientific Reports, 7 . 46481/1-46481/9. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

Waterlogged archaeological wood is often in need of consolidation prior to drying to prevent shrinkage and cracking of the object. There is a need for new greener materials (than for example polyethylene glycol) and methods for consolidation to be developed. The use of wood-based components could provide good interaction between the consolidant and the remaining wood structure and would also support a shift away from fossil fuel-based materials to those with more sustainable sources. Based on this, lignin-like structures have been investigated for their ability to consolidate waterlogged archaeological wood. The in situ formation of a lignin-like material has been carried out using isoeugenol polymerised by horse radish peroxidase in aqueous solution. The formation of the oligomeric/polymeric materials within the wood following this reaction has been determined by Attenuated Total Reflectance Fourier Transform Infra Red (ATR-FTIR) spectroscopy. The oligomers remaining in solution have been characterised by ATR-FTIR and nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectroscopy as well as analytical ultracentrifugation, showing that they have a weight average Mw of 0.4–0.9 kDa and a lignin-like structure rich in the β-5′ moiety. Therefore, this approach is proposed as a basis to further develop a green consolidation method for waterlogged archaeological wood.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences
Identification Number: 10.1038/srep46481
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 09:49
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 12:17
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43669

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