A practical and catalyst-free trifluoroethylation reaction of amines using trifluoroacetic acid

Andrews, Keith G. and Faizova, Radmilla and Denton, Ross M. (2017) A practical and catalyst-free trifluoroethylation reaction of amines using trifluoroacetic acid. Nature Communications, 8 . 15913/1-15913/6. ISSN 2041-1723

[img]
Preview
PDF - Requires a PDF viewer such as GSview, Xpdf or Adobe Acrobat Reader
Available under Licence Creative Commons Attribution.
Download (989kB) | Preview

Abstract

Amines are a fundamentally important class of biologically active compounds and the ability to manipulate their physicochemical properties through the introduction of fluorine is of paramount importance in medicinal chemistry. Current synthesis methods for the construction of fluorinated amines rely on air and moisture sensitive reagents that require special handling or harsh reductants that limit functionality. Here we report practical, catalyst-free, reductive trifluoroethylation reactions of free amines exhibiting remarkable functional group tolerance. The reactions proceed in conventional glassware without rigorous exclusion of either moisture or oxygen, and use trifluoroacetic acid as a stable and inexpensive fluorine source. The new methods provide access to a wide range of medicinally-relevant functionalized tertiary beta-fluoroalkylamine cores, either through direct trifluoroethylation of secondary amines or via a three-component coupling of primary amines, aldehydes and trifluoroacetic acid. A reduction of in situ-generated silyl ester species is proposed to account for the reductive selectivity observed.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Chemistry
Identification Number: 10.1038/ncomms15913
Depositing User: Smith, Ruth
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2017 10:06
Last Modified: 24 Nov 2017 12:51
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43664

Actions (Archive Staff Only)

Edit View Edit View