Effect of test conditions on the temperature at which a protective debris bed is formed in fretting of a high strength steel

Hayes, E.K. and Shipway, P.H. (2017) Effect of test conditions on the temperature at which a protective debris bed is formed in fretting of a high strength steel. Wear, 376-377 (B). pp. 1460-1466. ISSN 0043-1648

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Abstract

It is well known that mechanisms and rates of fretting wear of many metals are dependent upon the temperature of the environment; specifically, it is known that a transition temperature exists, above which the debris forms a protective bed in the contact which results in very low rates of wear being observed. This paper seeks to investigate the influence of contact geometry and slip amplitude on the transition temperature of a high strength alloy steel, and to understand these effects in terms of debris retention in (or expulsion from) the contact. Cylinder-on-flat fretting tests were performed at temperatures between 25 °C and 250 °C with two displacement amplitudes (25 μm and 100 μm) and two cylinder radii (6 mm and 160 mm). It was found that for the smaller cylinder radius, the transition temperature increased as the fretting displacement amplitude was increased. However, it was found that whilst the contacts with 6 mm radius cylinders and 160 mm radius cylinders exhibited very different mechanisms of wear at low temperature, the temperature at which the transition to forming of the protective debris bed was not strongly influenced by the contact geometry; moreover, at the higher temperature, the protective bed is formed irrespective of contact geometry. It is proposed that the reduction in wear rate at higher temperatures is associated with the retention of oxide debris within in the contact area for long enough that it sinters to form a protective ‘glaze’ layer. By increasing the displacement amplitude, the rate at which the oxide is ejected from the fretting contact increases and this reduces the ability to form a protective layer; as such, a higher temperature is required to form the protective glaze as the displacement amplitude is increased.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Debris; Glaze; Temperature; Contact geometry
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.wear.2017.01.057
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2017 10:06
Last Modified: 16 Jun 2017 11:42
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43620

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