Characterizing haploinsufficiency of SHELL gene to improve fruit form prediction in introgressive hybrids of oil palm

Teh, Chee Keng and Muaz, Siti Dalila and Tangaya, Praveena and Fong, Po-Yee and Ong, Ai Ling and Mayes, Sean and Chew, Fook Tim and Kulaveerasingam, Harikrishna and Appleton, David Ross (2017) Characterizing haploinsufficiency of SHELL gene to improve fruit form prediction in introgressive hybrids of oil palm. Scientific Reports, 7 (1). p. 3118. ISSN 2045-2322

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Abstract

The fundamental trait in selective breeding of oil palm (Eleais guineensis Jacq.) is the shell thickness surrounding the kernel. The monogenic shell thickness is inversely correlated to mesocarp thickness, where the crude palm oil accumulates. Commercial thin-shelled tenera derived from thick-shelled dura × shell-less pisifera generally contain 30% higher oil per bunch. Two mutations, shᴹᴾᴼᴮ (M1) and shAVROS (M2) in the SHELL gene – a type II MADS-box transcription factor mainly present in AVROS and Nigerian origins, were reported to be responsible for different fruit forms. In this study, we have tested 1,339 samples maintained in Sime Darby Plantation using both mutations. Five genotype-phenotype discrepancies and eight controls were then re-tested with all five reported mutations (shAVROS, shᴹᴾᴼᴮ, shᴹᴾᴼᴮ², shᴹᴾᴼᴮ ³ and shᴹᴾᴼᴮ⁴) within the same gene. The integration of genotypic data, pedigree records and shell formation model further explained the haploinsufficiency effect on the SHELL gene with different number of functional copies. Some rare mutations were also identified, suggesting a need to further confirm the existence of cis-compound mutations in the gene. With this, the prediction accuracy of fruit forms can be further improved, especially in introgressive hybrids of oil palm. Understanding causative variant segregation is extremely important, even for monogenic traits such as shell thickness in oil palm.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences
Identification Number: 10.1038/s41598-017-03225-7
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 13 Jun 2017 12:36
Last Modified: 14 Jun 2017 17:38
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43539

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