China's pawn-broking industry and the puzzle of losses during the global financial crisis in 2008-2009

Zhou, Liming and Yao, Shujie and Wang, Jinmin and Ou, Jinghua (2017) China's pawn-broking industry and the puzzle of losses during the global financial crisis in 2008-2009. China: An International Journal . ISSN 0219-7472 (In Press)

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In China, pawnbrokers not only provide financial intermediation services to individuals and households who need to finance their short-term gap between consumption and income like those in many other countries, but also serve as a supplementary financing channel for private entrepreneurs and small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) who face difficulty in obtaining formal credits. This paper uses the first-hand survey data in 2008-2009 in Zhejiang Province, one of the pioneering regions for developing pawn-broking business, to study the special characteristics of the pawn-broking industry and explain why it has become a viable and useful financing instrument in transitional China. Through examining why there was a serious setback and widespread loss in the industry during the global financial crisis in 2008-09, we argue that the crisis increased the default rate of export-oriented SMEs, which reduced their demand for pawn-broking loans. The strict regulations in the pawn-broking industry and the low efficiency of litigation in China also increased the operation costs of handling defaults by the pawnshops, leading to a temporary setback in an otherwise rapidly growing pawnbroking business during the crisis. However, the pawn-broking industry will continue to play an important role in financing SMEs in China in the foreseeable future.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > Nottingham University Business School
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 07 Jun 2017 13:52
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 00:13

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