A study of demographic and psychographic factors on preference for travel activities among international and local tourists in Tanzania

Kara, Nasra Shokat (2017) A study of demographic and psychographic factors on preference for travel activities among international and local tourists in Tanzania. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Abstract

Tourism destination usually viewed as a combination of places that generates not just experience but offers a memorable destination experience to the tourists. The challenge for today's tourism destination agencies is for them to offer what is needed by travellers. Currently, the tourism sector in Tanzania is in stiff competition with countries such as Kenya and South Africa in attracting more tourists. For a country to stay ahead of the competition, it is imperative for tourism stakeholders to understand various means for attracting the tourists, including the preferences for travel activities. This study aimed at offering an integrated approach to understanding tourists' travel activities and assesses its relationship with travel motivation and personality traits. Responses from a total of 431 respondents aged 18 and above was obtained through convenience sampling and used in the analysis. The study identified visiting city attractions, islands and beaches as top three preferred travel activities by tourists and visiting casinos and nightclubs as the least preferred activities. Moreover, the study examined the differences in preference for travel activities among the domestic and international travel markets. It was found that the two markets significantly differ in terms of preferences for a beach, visiting city attractions, going to nightclubs, purchasing traditional clothes and jewellery, as well as camping. Additionally, the study also examined whether demographic factors such as marital status, family size and occupation have any significant effect on preference for travel activities. Of all demographic factors, only occupation was proven to have a significant influence on activities such as visiting beaches and islands and purchasing traditional clothes.

The study further tested the structural relationships between travel motivations, personality, destination image and travel activities using structural equation modelling. The main findings suggest that travel motivations and personality have an influence on preference for travel activities. More specifically, sightseeing activities were positively influenced by social, intellectual and stimulus avoidance travel motivations while outdoor activities were positively influenced by mastery competency travel motivation. Apart from travel motivations, this study also found that that closed to new experience personality positively influenced shopping activities while neurotic personality influenced sightseeing negatively.

This study also examined the role of destination image in mediating the effect of travel motivation and personality in influencing travel activities. The overall finding indicated that there was only direct effect and that there was no mediation effect. Despite the fact that destination image did not mediate the former relationships it influenced sightseeing, shopping, and entertainment activities positively.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Khong, Kok Wei
Lee, Chew Ging
Keywords: Travel activities, travel motivation, personality, demographics, structural equation modelling
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
Faculties/Schools: UNMC Malaysia Campus > Faculty of Arts and Social Sciences > Nottingham University Business School
Item ID: 43391
Depositing User: BUJANG, ROSINI
Date Deposited: 05 Jun 2017 08:39
Last Modified: 06 Jun 2017 04:38
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43391

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