Mertk on tumor macrophages is a therapeutic target to prevent tumor recurrence following radiation therapy

Crittenden, Marka R. and Baird, Jason and Malecka, Anna and Jackson, Andrew M. and Gough, Michael J. (2016) Mertk on tumor macrophages is a therapeutic target to prevent tumor recurrence following radiation therapy. Oncotarget, 7 (48). pp. 78653-78666. ISSN 1949-2553

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Abstract

Radiation therapy provides a means to kill large numbers of cancer cells in a controlled location resulting in the release of tumor-specific antigens and endogenous adjuvants. However, by activating pathways involved in apoptotic cell recognition and phagocytosis, irradiated cancer cells engender suppressive phenotypes in macrophages. We demonstrate that the macrophage-specific phagocytic receptor, Mertk is upregulated in macrophages in the tumor following radiation therapy. Ligation of Mertk on macrophages results in anti-inflammatory cytokine responses via NF-kB p50 upregulation, which in turn limits tumor control following radiation therapy. We demonstrate that in immunogenic tumors, loss of Mertk is sufficient to permit tumor cure following radiation therapy. However, in poorly immunogenic tumors, TGFb inhibition is also required to result in tumor cure following radiation therapy. These data demonstrate that Mertk is a highly specific target whose absence permits tumor control in combination with radiation therapy.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: radiation, macrophage, tumor, phagocytosis, apoptosis
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Cancer and Stem Cells
Identification Number: 10.18632/oncotarget.11823
Depositing User: Jackson, Dr Andrew M
Date Deposited: 24 May 2017 11:14
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 00:23
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/43203

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