Household air pollution and lung function in Indian adults: a cross-sectional study

Dave, Mona and Ahankari, Anand S. and Myles, Puja R. and Arokiasamy, Perianayagam and Uttamacharya, and Khobragade, Pranali and Mortimer, Kevin and Fogarty, Andrew W. (2017) Household air pollution and lung function in Indian adults: a cross-sectional study. International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, 21 (6). pp. 702-704. ISSN 1815-7920

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Abstract

Exposure to air pollution produced by cooking is common in developing countries, and represents a potentially avoidable cause of lung disease. Cross-sectional data were collected by the World Health Organization's Study on Global AGEing and Adult Health conducted in India between 2007 and 2010. Exposure to biomass cooking was also associated with a decrease in forced expiratory volume in 1 s (FEV1) (-70 ml, 95%CI -111 to -30) and FEV1/FVC (forced vital capacity) ratio (-0.025, 95%CI -0.035 to -0.015) compared to those who were not exposed. These associations were predominantly observed in males (P < 0.05 for interaction analyses). Intervention studies using non-biomass fuels in India are required to ascertain potential respiratory health benefits.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: India, air pollution, cooking, lung function
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
Identification Number: 10.5588/ijtld.16.0615
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 18 May 2017 10:11
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 00:33
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42928

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