Second-hand smoke in four English prisons: an air quality monitoring study

Jayes, Leah and Ratschen, Elena and Murray, Rachael L. and Dymond-White, Suzy and Britton, John (2016) Second-hand smoke in four English prisons: an air quality monitoring study. BMC Public Health, 16 . p. 119. ISSN 1471-2458

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: To measure levels of indoor pollution in relation to smoking in four English prisons.

METHODS: TSI SidePak AM510 Personal Aerosol Monitors were used to measure concentrations of particulate matter less than 2.5 mum in diameter (PM2.5) for periods of up to 9 h in selected smoking and non-smoking areas, and personal exposure monitoring of prison staff during a work shift, in four prisons.

RESULTS: PM2.5 data were collected for average periods of 6.5 h from 48 locations on 25 wing landings where smoking was permitted in cells, on 5 non-smoking wings, 13 prisoner cells, and personal monitoring of 22 staff members. Arithmetic mean PM2.5 concentrations were significantly higher on smoking than non-smoking wing landings (43.9 mug/m(3) and 5.9 mug/m(3) respectively, p < 0.001) and in smoking than non-smoking cells (226.2 mug/m(3) and 17.0 mug/m(3) respectively, p < 0.001). Staff members wore monitors for an average of 4.18 h, during which they were exposed to arithmetic mean PM2.5 concentration of 23.5 mug/m(3).

CONCLUSIONS: The concentration of PM2.5 pollution in smoking areas of prisons are extremely high. Smoking in prisons therefore represents a significant health hazard to prisoners and staff members.

Item Type: Article
RIS ID: https://nottingham-repository.worktribe.com/output/777109
Keywords: England/epidemiology; Environmental Monitoring; Humans; Particulate Matter/*analysis; Prisons/*statistics & numerical data; Smoking/*epidemiology; Tobacco Smoke Pollution/*analysis;
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Epidemiology and Public Health
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12889-016-2757-y
Depositing User: Claringburn, Tara
Date Deposited: 12 May 2017 08:09
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 17:38
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42791

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