Promising emission behavior in Pr 3+ /In selenide-chalcogenide-glass small-core step index fiber (SIF)

Sakr, Hesham and Tang, Zhuoqi and Furniss, David and Sojka, Lukasz and Sujecki, S. and Benson, Trevor M. and Seddon, Angela B. (2017) Promising emission behavior in Pr 3+ /In selenide-chalcogenide-glass small-core step index fiber (SIF). Optical Materials, 67 . pp. 98-107. ISSN 1873-1252

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Abstract

Selenide-chalcogenide glass, small-core, step-index fiber (SIF), core-doped with Pr3+: 9.51 × 1024 ions m−3 (500 ppmw) is fabricated for the first time with indium to help solubilize Pr3+. Core diameters of 20 or 40 μm are confirmed using scanning electron microscopy and near-field imaging; fibre numerical aperture is ∼0.4. Optical loss is ≥ 4.9 dB m−1 across the 3–9 μm mid-infrared (MIR) spectral range. On pumping at 1.55 μm or 2.013 μm, the SIFs give broad MIR emission across 3.5–6 μm assigned to 3H6 → 3H5 and 3H5 → 3H4. The Pr3+ emission-lifetime at 4.7 μm decreases from bulk-glass (10.1 ± 0.3 ms), to intermediately processed fiber (8.10 ± 0.5 ms) to SIF (7.1 ± 0.5 ms) induced by the processing. On end-pumping SIFs at 2.013 μm, the output pump-power and emission intensity at 4.7 μm became sub-linear and super-linear, respectively, suggesting MIR excited-state saturation is occurring.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Mid-infrared; Chalcogenide glass; Rare earth ions; Emission; Emission-lifetime; Excited-state saturation
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.optmat.2017.03.034
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 09 May 2017 10:13
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 00:41
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42642

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