Planck 2015 results. IV. Low Frequency Instrument beams and window functions

Ade, P.A.R. and Aghanim, N. and Ashdown, M. and Aumont, J. and Baccigalupi, C. and Banday, A.J. and Barreiro, R.B. and Bartolo, N. and Battaner, E. and Benabed, K. and Benoît, A. and Benoit-Lévy, A. and Bernard, J.-P. and Bersanelli, M. and Bielewicz, P. and Bock, J.J. and Bonaldi, A. and Bonavera, L. and Bond, J.R. and Borrill, J. and Bouchet, F.R. and Bucher, M. and Burigana, C. and Butler, R.C. and Calabrese, E. and Cardoso, J.-F. and Catalano, A. and Chamballu, A. and Christensen, P.R. and Colombi, S. and Colombo, L.P.L. and Crill, B.P. and Curto, A. and Cuttaia, F. and Danese, L. and Davies, R.D. and Davis, R.J. and de Bernardis, P. and de Rosa, A. and de Zotti, G. and Delabrouille, J. and Dickinson, C. and Diego, J.M. and Dole, H. and Donzelli, S. and Doré, O. and Douspis, M. and Ducout, A. and Dupac, X. and Efstathiou, G. and Elsner, F. and Enßlin, T.A. and Eriksen, H.K. and Fergusson, J. and Finelli, F. and Forni, O. and Frailis, M. and Franceschi, E. and Frejsel, A. and Galeotta, S. and Galli, S. and Ganga, K. and Giard, M. and Giraud-Héraud, Y. and Gjerløw, E. and González-Nuevo, J. and Górski, K.M. and Gratton, S. and Gregorio, A. and Gruppuso, A. and Hansen, F.K. and Hanson, D. and Harrison, D.L. and Henrot-Versillé, S. and Herranz, D. and Hildebrandt, S.R. and Hivon, E. and Hobson, M. and Holmes, W.A. and Hornstrup, A. and Hovest, W. and Huffenberger, K.M. and Hurier, G. and Jaffe, A.H. and Jaffe, T.R. and Juvela, M. and Keihänen, E. and Keskitalo, R. and Kiiveri, K. and Kisner, T.S. and Knoche, J. and Kunz, M. and Kurki-Suonio, H. and Lähteenmäki, A. and Lamarre, J.-M. and Lasenby, A. and Lattanzi, M. and Lawrence, C. R. and Leahy, J. P. and Leonardi, R. and Lesgourgues, J. and Levrier, F. and Liguori, M. and Lilje, P.B. and Linden-Vørnle, M. and Lindholm, V. and López-Caniego, M. and Lubin, P.M. and Macías-Pérez, J.F. and Maggio, G. and Maino, D. and Mandolesi, N. and Mangilli, A. and Maris, M. and Martin, P.G. and Martínez-González, E. and Masi, S. and Matarrese, S. and Mazzotta, P. and McGehee, P. and Meinhold, P.R. and Melchiorri, A. and Mendes, L. and Mennella, A. and Migliaccio, M. and Mitra, S. and Montier, L. and Morgante, G. and Mortlock, D. and Moss, Adam and Munshi, D. and Murphy, J.A. and Naselsky, P. and Nati, F. and Natoli, P. and Netterfield, C.B. and Nørgaard-Nielsen, H.U. and Novikov, D. and Novikov, I. and Paci, F. and Pagano, L. and Paoletti, D. and Partridge, B. and Pasian, F. and Patanchon, G. and Pearson, T.J. and Perdereau, O. and Perotto, L. and Perrotta, F. and Pettorino, V. and Piacentini, F. and Pierpaoli, E. and Pietrobon, D. and Pointecouteau, E. and Polenta, G. and Pratt, G.W. and Prézeau, G. and Prunet, S. and Puget, J.-L. and Rachen, J.P. and Rebolo, R. and Reinecke, M. and Remazeilles, M. and Renzi, A. and Rocha, G. and Rosset, C. and Rossetti, M. and Roudier, G. and Rubiño-Martín, J.A. and Rusholme, B. and Sandri, M. and Santos, D. and Savelainen, M. and Scott, D. and Seiffert, M.D. and Shellard, E.P.S. and Spencer, L.D. and Stolyarov, V. and Sutton, D. and Suur-Uski, A.-S. and Sygnet, J.-F. and Tauber, J.A. and Terenzi, L. and Toffolatti, L. and Tomasi, M. and Tristram, M. and Tucci, M. and Tuovinen, J. and Umana, G. and Valenziano, L. and Valiviita, J. and Van Tent, B. and Vassallo, T. and Vielva, P. and Villa, F. and Wade, L.A. and Wandelt, B.D. and Watson, R. and Wehus, I.K. and Yvon, D. and Zacchei, A. and Zonca, A. (2016) Planck 2015 results. IV. Low Frequency Instrument beams and window functions. Astronomy & Astrophysics, 594 . A4/1-A4/22. ISSN 1432-0746

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Abstract

This paper presents the characterization of the in-flight beams, the beam window functions, and the associated uncertainties for the Planck Low Frequency Instrument (LFI). The structure of the paper is similar to that presented in the 2013 Planck release; the main differences concern the beam normalization and the delivery of the window functions to be used for polarization analysis. The in-flight assessment of the LFI main beams relies on measurements performed during observations of Jupiter. By stacking data from seven Jupiter transits, the main beam profiles are measured down to –25 dB at 30 and 44 GHz, and down to –30 dB at 70 GHz. It has been confirmed that the agreement between the simulated beams and the measured beams is better than 1% at each LFI frequency band (within the 20 dB contour from the peak, the rms values are 0.1% at 30 and 70 GHz; 0.2% at 44 GHz). Simulated polarized beams are used for the computation of the effective beam window functions. The error budget for the window functions is estimated from both main beam and sidelobe contributions, and accounts for the radiometer band shapes. The total uncertainties in the effective beam window functions are 0.7% and 1% at 30 and 44 GHz, respectively (at ℓ ≈ 600); and 0.5% at 70 GHz (at ℓ ≈ 1000).

Item Type: Article
Keywords: methods: data analysis; cosmic background radiation; telescopes
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: 10.1051/0004-6361/201525809
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 02 May 2017 09:32
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 00:55
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42434

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