Deep recurrent neural networks for supernovae classification

Charnock, Tom and Moss, Adam (2017) Deep recurrent neural networks for supernovae classification. Astrophysical Journal, 837 (2). pp. 1-6. ISSN 1538-4357

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Abstract

We apply deep recurrent neural networks, which are capable of learning complex sequential information, to classify supernovae (code available at https://github.com/adammoss/supernovae). The observational time and filter fluxes are used as inputs to the network, but since the inputs are agnostic, additional data such as host galaxy information can also be included. Using the Supernovae Photometric Classification Challenge (SPCC) data, we find that deep networks are capable of learning about light curves, however the performance of the network is highly sensitive to the amount of training data. For a training size of 50% of the representational SPCC data set (around 104 supernovae) we obtain a type-Ia versus non-type-Ia classification accuracy of 94.7%, an area under the Receiver Operating Characteristic curve AUC of 0.986 and an SPCC figure-of-merit F 1 = 0.64. When using only the data for the early-epoch challenge defined by the SPCC, we achieve a classification accuracy of 93.1%, AUC of 0.977, and F 1 = 0.58, results almost as good as with the whole light curve. By employing bidirectional neural networks, we can acquire impressive classification results between supernovae types I, II and III at an accuracy of 90.4% and AUC of 0.974. We also apply a pre-trained model to obtain classification probabilities as a function of time and show that it can give early indications of supernovae type. Our method is competitive with existing algorithms and has applications for future large-scale photometric surveys.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: methods: data analysis – supernovae: general – techniques: miscellaneous
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: 10.3847/2041-8213/aa603d
Depositing User: Moss, Adam
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2017 14:30
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 00:58
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42324

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