Experimental observation of dynamical Lee-Yang zeros

Brandner, Kay and Maisi, Ville F. and Pekola, Jukka P. and Garrahan, Juan P. and Flindt, Christian (2017) Experimental observation of dynamical Lee-Yang zeros. Physical Review Letters . ISSN 1079-7114 (In Press)

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Statistical physics provides the concepts and methods to explain the phase behavior of interacting many-body systems. Investigations of Lee-Yang zeros - complex singularities of the free energy in systems of finite size - have led to a unified understanding of equilibrium phase transitions. The ideas of Lee and Yang, however, are not restricted to equilibrium phenomena. Recently, Lee-Yang zeros have been used to characterize non-equilibrium processes such as dynamical phase transitions in quantum systems after a quench or dynamic order-disorder transitions in glasses. Here, we experimentally realize a scheme for observing Lee-Yang zeros in such non-equilibrium settings. We extract the dynamical Lee-Yang zeros of a stochastic process involving Andreev tunneling between a normal-state island and two superconducting leads from measurements of the dynamical activity along a trajectory. From short-time observations of the Lee-Yang zeros, we predict the largedeviation statistics of the activity which is typically difficult to measure. Our method paves the way for further experiments on the statistical mechanics of many-body systems out of equilibrium.

Item Type: Article
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 19 Apr 2017 12:39
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 22:34
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/42026

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