New insights into the role of selective and volumetric heating during microwave extraction: investigation of the extraction of polyphenolic compounds from sea buckthorn leaves using microwave-assisted extraction and conventional solvent extraction

Galan, Ana-Maria and Calinescu, Ioan and Trifan, Adrian and Winkworth-Smith, Charles and Calvo-Carrascal, Miguel and Dodds, Chris and Binner, Eleanor (2017) New insights into the role of selective and volumetric heating during microwave extraction: investigation of the extraction of polyphenolic compounds from sea buckthorn leaves using microwave-assisted extraction and conventional solvent extraction. Chemical Engineering & Processing: Process Intensification, 116 . pp. 29-39. ISSN 0255-2701

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Abstract

We report a direct comparison of microwave heating and conventional heating in solvent extraction by using exactly the same reaction conditions (including heating rate) in the extraction of polyphenols from dried sea buckthorn leaves. We have for the first time decoupled the effects of bulk heating rate and mixing regime from the fundamental microwave heating mechanism. We show that although microwave selective heating can increase the yield and quality of the polyphenols extracted, if the same bulk heating rate is applied there is no difference in treatment time and therefore theoretical energy requirements of the process. The first implication of these results for process intensification is that if microwave selective heating can be enhanced in scaled up processes through electromagnetic design, the extract yield and quality may be increased further. The second implication is that conventional extraction processes could be designed to provide the same heating rate and hence treatment time as microwave extraction, but any potential energy and space savings would have to be balanced against the increase in capital cost and complexity of the equipment. That said, the very small penetration depth of microwaves into ethanol/water solvent also poses design challenges in the scale up of microwave equipment.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Microwave-assisted extraction (MAE); Sea buckthorn leaves; Polyphenolic compounds; Antioxidant activity; Selective heating; Dielectric properties
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.cep.2017.03.006
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2017 14:03
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 01:10
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41904

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