Quadrilateral suspensory and straight sesamoidean ligament calcifying desmopathy in an Arabian mare

Hui, S.K.Y. and Turner, S.J. and Leaman, T.R. and de Brot, Simone and Barakzai, S.Z. (2016) Quadrilateral suspensory and straight sesamoidean ligament calcifying desmopathy in an Arabian mare. Equine Veterinary Education . ISSN 2042-3292

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Abstract

A 5-year-old Arabian mare was referred for the investigation of recent behavioural change, generalised stiffness, and owner-reported polyuria and polydipsia. Clinical examination revealed severe pain associated with palpation along the entire length of the suspensory ligament (SL) and palmar soft tissues of the pastern regions of both forelimbs. Radiographs of the distal forelimbs demonstrated marked radiopaque striations within the straight sesamoidean ligaments (SSL), and less severe but similar changes in the regions of the SL branches. Ultrasonography of both distal forelimbs revealed multifocal, hyperechoic lesions within the SSLs. The SL bodies and branches were enlarged and had mixed echogenicity on ultrasound scan. The horse was euthanased at the owner’s request and submitted for post-mortem examination. Relevant gross findings were restricted to the SLs and SSLs of all four limbs, all of which contained severe mineralisation and irregularly arranged fibres. Histological examination revealed severe, multifocal to coalescing, dystrophic mineralization with cartilaginous and osseous metaplasia, which suggested a primary calcifying desmopathy affecting all four SLs and SSLs. Clinical findings in the case reported here were similar to that of degenerative suspensory ligament desmitis (DSLD) previously reported by many authors, but diagnostic imaging and histopathological findings were significantly different.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Hui, S. K. Y., Turner, S. J., Leaman, T. R., de Brot, S. and Barakzai, S. Z. (2016), Quadrilateral suspensory and straight sesamoidean ligament calcifying desmopathy in an Arabian mare. Equine Vet Educ., which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/eve.12705/abstract. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Horse; Desmopathy; Suspensory ligament; Degenerative; Calcifying
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: 10.1111/eve.12705
Depositing User: de Brot, Dr Simone
Date Deposited: 31 Mar 2017 08:14
Last Modified: 01 Apr 2017 05:29
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41628

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