Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) differentially affects inflammatory immune responses in human monocytes infected with viable Salmonella or stimulated with LPS

Askar, Basim Ali and Ibrahim, Hiba and Barrow, Paul and Foster, Neil (2015) Vasoactive intestinal peptide (VIP) differentially affects inflammatory immune responses in human monocytes infected with viable Salmonella or stimulated with LPS. Peptides, 71 . pp. 188-195. ISSN 1873-5169

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Abstract

We compared the effect of VIP on human blood monocytes infected with Salmonella typhimurium 4/74 or stimulated with LPS. VIP (10−7 M) increased monocyte viability by 24% and 9% when cultured for 24 h with 4/74 or Salmonella LPS (100 ng/ml), respectively. Significantly increased (P < 0.05) numbers of 4/74 were also recovered from monocytes co-cultured with VIP after 6 h post-infection (pi) and this remained high after 24 h pi. Both 4/74 and LPS increased (P < 0.05) the concentration of TNF-α, IL-1β and IL-6 measured in monocyte supernatants. However, LPS induced this effect more rapidly while, with the exception of IL-6, 4/74 induced higher concentrations (P < 0.05). VIP significantly decreased (P < 0.05) TNF-α and IL-1β production by 4/74-infected monocytes after 6 pi, but only after 24 h in LPS-cultured monocytes. This trend was reversed for IL-6 production. However, TNF-α and IL-1β production by 4/74-infected monocytes, cultured with VIP, still remained higher (P < 0.05) than concentrations measured in supernatants cultured only with LPS. VIP also increased (P < 0.05) production of anti-inflammatory IL-10 in both 4/74 and LPS cultures after 24 h. We also show a differential effect of VIP on the expression of TNFα and IL-6 receptors, since VIP was only able to decreased expression in LPS-stimulated monocytes but not in 4/74-infected monocytes.

In conclusion, we show a differential effect of VIP on human monocytes infected with virulent Salmonella or stimulated with LPS. Our study suggests that the use of VIP in bacteraemia and/or sepsis may be limited to an adjunctive therapy to antibiotic treatment.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: VIP; Human monocytes; Salmonella
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Veterinary Medicine and Science
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.peptides.2015.06.009
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 12:33
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 22:30
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41584

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