How do personality and social structures interact with each other to predict important life outcomes?: the importance of accounting for personality change

Boyce, Christopher J. and Wood, Alex M. and Delaney, Liam and Ferguson, Eamonn (2017) How do personality and social structures interact with each other to predict important life outcomes?: the importance of accounting for personality change. European Journal of Personality, 31 (3). pp. 279-290. ISSN 1099-0984

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Abstract

Personality is important for a range of life outcomes. However, despite evidence that personality changes across time, there is a concerning tendency for researchers outside of personality psychology to treat measures of personality as if they are non-changing when establishing whether personality predicts important life outcomes. This is problematic when personality changes in response to outcomes of interest and creates a methodological issue that may result in misleading conclusions. We illustrate this methodological issue and suggest using measures before the outcome takes place to mitigate concerns. We then demonstrate, using data from Germany that using post-event personality measures, as opposed to pre-outcome measures, to predict both occurrence of, and reactions to, socio-economic events results in inconsistent conclusions in the directions hypothesized and therefore increases the likelihood of Type 1 and Type 2 errors. This has implications for research investigating the importance of personality for psychological, behavioral, and socio-economic outcomes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information: This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: Boyce, C. J., Wood, A. M., Delaney, L., and Ferguson, E. (2017) How do Personality and Social Structures Interact with Each Other to Predict Important Life Outcomes? The Importance of Accounting for Personality Change. Eur. J. Pers., doi: 10.1002/per.2099 which has been published in final form at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/per.2099/full This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Self-Archiving.
Keywords: Big Five personality; Regression methods; Socio-economic events; Development of personality
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Psychology
Identification Number: 10.1002/per.2099
Depositing User: Ferguson, Eamonn
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2017 10:45
Last Modified: 12 Oct 2017 22:28
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41554

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