Genetic diversity of porcine group A rotavirus strains in the UK

Chandler-Bostock, Rebecca and Hancox, Laura R. and Nawaz, Sameena and Watts, Oliver and Iturriza-Gomara, Miren and Mellits, Kenneth M. (2014) Genetic diversity of porcine group A rotavirus strains in the UK. Veterinary Microbiology, 173 (1-2). pp. 27-37. ISSN 1873-2542

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Abstract

Rotavirus is endemic in pig farms where it causes a loss in production. This study is the first to characterise porcine rotavirus circulating in UK pigs. Samples from diarrheic pigs with rotavirus enteritis obtained between 2010 and 2012 were genotyped in order to determine the diversity of group A rotavirus (GARV) in UK pigs. A wide range of rotavirus genotypes were identified in UK pigs: six G types (VP7); G2, G3, G4, G5, G9 and G11 and six P types (VP4); P[6], P[7], P[8], P[13], P[23], and P[32]. With the exception of a single P[8] isolate, there was less than 95% nucleotide identity between sequences from this study and any available rotavirus sequences.

The G9 and P[6] genotypes are capable of infecting both humans and pigs, but showed no species cross-over within the UK as they were shown to be genetically distinct, which suggested zoonotic transmission is rare within the UK. We identified the P[8] genotype in one isolate, this genotype is almost exclusively found in humans. The P[8] was linked to a human Irish rotavirus isolate in the same year. The discovery of human genotype P[8] rotavirus in a UK pig confirms this common human genotype can infect pigs and also highlights the necessity of surveillance of porcine rotavirus genotypes to safeguard human as well as porcine health.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Rotavirus; Porcine; Phylogenetic; Zoonosis
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Biosciences > Division of Food Sciences
Identification Number: 10.1016/j.vetmic.2014.06.030
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 22 Mar 2017 11:55
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 01:26
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41476

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