Coupled discrete/continuum simulations of the impact of granular slugs with clamped beams: stand-off effects

Goel, A., Uth, T., Liu, Tao, Wadley, H.N.G. and Deshpande, V.S. (2018) Coupled discrete/continuum simulations of the impact of granular slugs with clamped beams: stand-off effects. Mechanics of Materials, 116 . pp. 90-103. ISSN 1872-7743

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Coupled discrete particle/continuum simulations of the normal (zero obliquity) impact of granular slugs against the centre of deformable, end-clamped beams are reported. The simulations analyse the experiments of Uth et al. (2015) enabling a detailed interpretation of their observations of temporal evolution of granular slug and a strong stand-off distance dependence of the structural response. The high velocity granular slugs were generated by the pushing action of a piston and develop a spatial velocity gradient due to elastic energy stored during the loading phase by the piston. The velocity gradient within the “stretching” slug is a strong function of the inter-particle contact stiffness and the time the piston takes to ramp up to its final velocity. Other inter-particle contact properties such as damping and friction are shown to have negligible effect on the evolution of the granular slug. The velocity gradients result in a slug density that decreases with increasing stand-off distance, and therefore the pressure imposed by the slug on the beams is reduced with increasing stand-off. This results in the stand-off dependence of the beam's deflection observed by Uth et al. (2015). The coupled simulations capture both the permanent deflections of the beams and their dynamic deformation modes with a high degree of fidelity. These simulations shed new light on the stand-off effect observed during the loading of structures by shallow-buried explosions.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Granular material; Particle impact; Discrete particle simulation; Fluid-structure interaction; Landmine; Blast
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
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Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 10 Mar 2017 12:00
Last Modified: 04 May 2020 19:52

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