Crowdsourcing, citizen science or volunteered geographic information? The current state of crowdsourced geographic information

See, Linda and Mooney, Peter and Foody, Giles M. and Bastin, Lucy and Comber, A. and Estima, Jacinto and Fritz, Steffen and Kerle, Norman and Jiang, Bin and Laakso, Mari and Liu, Hai-Ying and Milčinski, Grega and Nikšič, Matej and Painho, Marco and Podor, Andrea and Olteanu-Raimond, Ana-Maria and Rutzinger, Martin (2016) Crowdsourcing, citizen science or volunteered geographic information? The current state of crowdsourced geographic information. ISPRS International Journal of Geo-Information, 5 (5). 55/1-55/23. ISSN 2220-9964

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Abstract

Citizens are increasingly becoming an important source of geographic information, sometimes entering domains that had until recently been the exclusive realm of authoritative agencies. This activity has a very diverse character as it can, amongst other things, be active or passive, involve spatial or aspatial data and the data provided can be variable in terms of key attributes such as format, description and quality. Unsurprisingly, therefore, there are a variety of terms used to describe data arising from citizens. In this article, the expressions used to describe citizen sensing of geographic information are reviewed and their use over time explored, prior to categorizing them and highlighting key issues in the current state of the subject. The latter involved a review of ~100 Internet sites with particular focus on their thematic topic, the nature of the data and issues such as incentives for contributors. This review suggests that most sites involve active rather than passive contribution, with citizens typically motivated by the desire to aid a worthy cause, often receiving little training. As such, this article provides a snapshot of the role of citizens in crowdsourcing geographic information and a guide to the current status of this rapidly emerging and evolving subject.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: crowdsourcing; volunteered geographic information; citizen science; mapping
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Social Sciences > School of Geography
Identification Number: 10.3390/ijgi5050055
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 10:10
Last Modified: 08 Mar 2017 10:53
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41141

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