Smoking in pregnancy: who makes quit attempts whilst pregnant and what types of cessation support do they prefer?

Brotherton, Emma and Orton, Sophie and Coleman, Tim (2016) Smoking in pregnancy: who makes quit attempts whilst pregnant and what types of cessation support do they prefer? In: UKCRC16 Public Health Research Centres of Excellence Conference, 14-15 July 2016, University of East Anglia, Norwich.

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Abstract

Background

Smoking in pregnancy is strongly associated with adverse pregnancy and birth outcomes. In England, 26% of women smoke at some point during pregnancy, and 12% smoke throughout. Reducing smoking during pregnancy is therefore an NHS priority. Despite this, little is known about women who make a quit attempt during pregnancy. This study examined sociodemographic and psychological characteristics associated with making a quit attempt during pregnancy, and explored preferences for cessation support.

Methods

Cross-sectional, baseline data collected as part of the Pregnancy Lifestyle Survey cohort was analysed. Self-reported current or recent ex-smokers (smoked within 3 months of pregnancy) completed a questionnaire between 8-26 weeks gestation. Logistic regression analysis was used to examine characteristics associated with making a quit attempt. Descriptive statistics were used to investigate interest in accessing different forms of cessation support.

Results

Of the 850 participants, 57% were self-reported current smokers. Cigarettes smoked per day, smoking beliefs, previous pregnancy and a planned pregnancy were found to be significantly associated with whether women made a quit attempt whilst pregnant. Primiparous women were more than twice as likely (OR 2.20: 95% CI 1.33-3.66) to have made a quit attempt than multiparous women, and those who smoked ≥11 cigarettes per day were 72% less likely to have made a quit attempt than those who smoked ≤5 cigarettes per day (OR 0.28: 95% CI 0.16-0.48). Over 70% of women who had made a quit attempt were interested in accessing health professional led support and self-help materials.

Conclusions

Understanding the characteristics of women who make a quit attempt whilst pregnant and their cessation support preferences could inform future smoking cessation service design, and improve uptake of support services by allowing healthcare providers to target the women most likely to make a quit attempt, and provide support tailored specifically to meet their needs.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine > Division of Primary Care
Depositing User: Whitemore, Rachel
Date Deposited: 08 Mar 2017 12:00
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 18:58
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41140

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