3D geometric modelling of discontinuous fibre composites using a force-directed algorithm

Harper, L.T. and Qian, C.C. and Luchoo, R. and Warrior, N.A. (2016) 3D geometric modelling of discontinuous fibre composites using a force-directed algorithm. Journal of Composite Materials . ISSN 1530-793X

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Abstract

A geometrical modelling scheme is presented to produce representative architectures for discontinuous fibre composites, enabling downstream modelling of mechanical properties. The model generates realistic random fibre architectures containing high filament count bundles (>3k) and high (~50%) fibre volume fractions. Fibre bundles are modelled as thin shells using a multi-dimension modelling strategy, in which fibre bundles are distributed and compacted to simulate pressure being applied from a matched mould tool. FE simulations are performed to benchmark the in-plane mechanical properties obtained from the numerical model against experimental data, with a detailed study presented to evaluate the tensile properties at various fibre volume fractions and specimen thicknesses. Tensile modulus predictions are in close agreement (less than 5% error) with experimental data at volume fractions below 45%. Ultimate tensile strength predictions are within 4.2% of the experimental data at volume fractions between 40%-55%. This is a significant improvement over existing 2D modelling approaches, as the current model offers increased levels of fidelity, capturing dominant failure mechanisms and the influence of out-of-plane fibres.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Discontinuous composite, finite element analysis, force-directed algorithm
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1177/0021998316672722
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2017 14:40
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2017 19:13
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/41130

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