A survey of eMedia-delivered interventions for schizophrenia used in randomized controlled trials

Naeem, Farooq and Munschi, Tariq and Xiang, Shuo and Yang, Megan and Shokraneh, Farhad and Syed, Yumeen and Ayub, Muhammad and Adams, Clive E. and Farooq, Saeed (2017) A survey of eMedia-delivered interventions for schizophrenia used in randomized controlled trials. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 13 . pp. 233-243. ISSN 1178-2021

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Abstract

Background: Randomized trials evaluating electronic Media (eMedia) delivery of interventions are increasingly frequent in mental health. Although a number of reviews have reported efficacy of these interventions, none has reviewed the type of eMedia interventions and quality of their description. We therefore decided to conduct a survey of eMedia-delivered interventions for schizophrenia.

Methods: We surveyed all relevant trials reliably identified in the Cochrane Schizophrenia Group’s comprehensive register of trials by authors working independently. Data were extracted regarding the size of the trial, interventions, outcomes and how well the intervention was described.

Results: eMedia delivery of interventions is increasingly frequent in trials relevant to the care of people with schizophrenia. The trials varied considerably in sample sizes (mean =123, median =87, range =20–507), and interventions were diverse, rarely evaluating the same approaches and were poorly reported. This makes replication impossible. Outcomes in these studies are limited, have not been noted to be chosen by end users and seem unlikely to be easy to apply in routine care. No study reported on potential adverse effects or cost, end users satisfaction or ease of use. None of the papers mentioned the use of CONSORT eHealth guidelines.

Conclusion: There is a need to improve reporting and testing of psychosocial interventions delivered by eMedia. New trials should comply with CONSORT eHealth guidance on design, conduct and reporting, and existing CONSORT should be updated regularly, as the field is constantly evolving.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: randomized trials, survey, eMedia, information technology, schizophrenia, methodology
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Medicine
Identification Number: 10.2147/NDT.S115897
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 01 Mar 2017 10:50
Last Modified: 20 Mar 2017 06:04
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40935

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