A critical review of thermal management models and solutions of lithium-ion batteries for the development of pure electric vehicles

Wang, Qian and Jiang, Bin and Li, Bo and Yan, Yuying (2016) A critical review of thermal management models and solutions of lithium-ion batteries for the development of pure electric vehicles. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews, 64 . pp. 106-128. ISSN 1364-0321

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Power train electrification is promoted as a potential alternative to reduce carbon intensity of transportation. Lithium-ion batteries are found to be suitable for hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs) and pure electric vehicles (EVs), and temperature control on lithium batteries is vital for long-term performance and durability. Unfortunately, battery thermal management (BTM) has not been paid close attention partly due to poor understanding of battery thermal behaviour. Cell performance change dramatically with temperature, but it improves with temperature if a suitable operating temperature window is sustained. This paper provides a review on two aspects that are battery thermal model development and thermal management strategies. Thermal effects of lithium-ion batteries in terms of thermal runaway and response under cold temperatures will be studied, and heat generation methods are discussed with aim of performing accurate battery thermal analysis. In addition, current BTM strategies utilised by automotive suppliers will be reviewed to identify the imposing challenges and critical gaps between research and practice. Optimising existing BTMs and exploring new technologies to mitigate battery thermal impacts are required, and efforts in prioritising BTM should be made to improve the temperature uniformity across the battery pack, prolong battery lifespan, and enhance the safety of large packs.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Low carbon vehicles; Lithium-ion battery thermal management; Heat pipe; Pure electric and hybrid cars
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.rser.2016.05.033
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 28 Feb 2017 12:13
Last Modified: 02 Jul 2018 09:11
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40904

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