³¹P magnetization transfer magnetic resonance spectroscopy: assessing the activation induced change in cerebral ATP metabolic rates at 3 T

Chen, Chen and Stephenson, Mary C. and Peters, Andrew and Morris, Peter G. and Francis, Susan T. and Gowland, Penny A. (2017) ³¹P magnetization transfer magnetic resonance spectroscopy: assessing the activation induced change in cerebral ATP metabolic rates at 3 T. Magnetic Resonance in Medicine, 79 (1). pp. 22-30. ISSN 1522-2594

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Abstract

Purpose: In vivo ³¹P MRS magnetization transfer (MT) provides a direct measure of neuronal activity at the metabolic level. This work aims to use functional ³¹P MRS-MT to investigate the change in cerebral ATP metabolic rates in healthy adults upon repeated visual stimuli.

Methods: A magnetization saturation transfer sequence with narrowband selective saturation of γ-ATP was developed for ³¹P MT experiments at 3 T.

Results: Using progressive saturation of γ-ATP, the intrinsic T1 relaxation times of phosphocreatine (PCr) and inorganic phosphate (Pi) at 3 T were measured to be 5.1±0.8 s and 3.0±1.4 s, respectively. Using steady-state saturation of γ-ATP, a significant 24±14% and 11±7% increase in the forward creatine kinase (CK) pseudo-first-order reaction rate constant, k₁, was observed upon visual stimulation in the first and second cycles respectively of a paradigm consisting of 10min-rest followed by 10min-stimulation, with the measured baseline k₁ being 0.35±0.04 s⁻¹. No significant changes in forward ATP synthase (ATPase) reaction rate, PCr/γ- ATP, Pi/γ-ATP, and NAD(H)/γ-ATP ratios, or intracellular pH were detected upon stimulation.

Conclusion: This work demonstrates the potential of studying cerebral bioenergetics using functional ³¹P MRS-MT to determine the change in the forward CK reaction rate at 3 T.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) metabolism; Magnetization transfer; In vivo 31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS); Visual stimulation; Bioenergetics; Brain
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Science > School of Physics and Astronomy
Identification Number: 10.1002/mrm.26663
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 27 Feb 2017 13:36
Last Modified: 16 Dec 2017 22:12
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40872

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