Applications of phage peptide libraries for epitope discovery and identification of novel anti-virals

Hakami, Abdulrahim R. (2017) Applications of phage peptide libraries for epitope discovery and identification of novel anti-virals. PhD thesis, University of Nottingham.

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Advances in phage display technology revolutionised our understanding of molecular interactions. The aim of using phage display is to screen a peptide library for the identification of rare ligand-bound variants with enhanced specific interaction. One of the most common challenges in dealing with an exhaustive peptide library is the selection of target-unrelated peptides. Here we improved methodical approaches that reduce phage binding to the substrate surrounding the target protein. With this we were able to improve the quality of peptide interactions selected from phage libraries. The main purpose of this study is investigate the range of applications of phage-displayed peptide libraries in the context of identifying peptides that interact with virus proteins and antibodies. Using our refined methods, we were able to select inhibitory peptides to Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) that blockade its entry into the host, along with mapping antigenic determinants of several monoclonal antibodies such as anti non-primate hepacivirus (NPHV) antibodies and human HC33.4 anti-HCV antibody. Epitope mapping proved easier than discovering potent viral therapeutics. However, lead sequences were identified that neutralise HCV entry in in vitro models. The presence of thousands of HCV quasispecies leads to another difficulty of discovering pangenotypic inhibitors. Robust alignment and significant binding were demonstrated with peptides selected with both NPHV and HC33.4 human antibodies, while the selection failed with other target proteins. There might be no hot spot residues presented in the libraries used against these proteins. Future investigations should focus on developing the suggested HCV-selected peptides to enhance their affinity. All in all, phage display technology has been successfully developed to improve the performance of peptide libraries in a way that can avoid undesirable sequences during library sorting and enhancing the chance to find favourable ligands.

Item Type: Thesis (University of Nottingham only) (PhD)
Supervisors: Tarr, Alexander W.
Ball, Jonathan K.
Keywords: Anti-virals, biopanning, hepatitis C virus, epitope, phage display
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history. Biology > QH301 Biology (General)
Faculties/Schools: UK Campuses > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Item ID: 40700
Depositing User: Hakami, Abdulrahim
Date Deposited: 23 Mar 2017 14:04
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2023 10:14

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