Copy number variation of human AMY1 is a minor contributor to variation in salivary amylase expression and activity

Carpenter, Danielle and Mitchell, Laura and Armour, John A.L. (2017) Copy number variation of human AMY1 is a minor contributor to variation in salivary amylase expression and activity. Human Genomics, 11 . 2/1-2/6. ISSN 1479-7364

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Abstract

Background

Salivary amylase in humans is encoded by the copy variable gene AMY1 in the amylase gene cluster on chromosome 1. Although the role of salivary amylase is well established, the consequences of the copy number variation (CNV) at AMY1 on salivary amylase protein production are less well understood. The amylase gene cluster is highly structured with a fundamental difference between odd and even AMY1 copy number haplotypes. In this study, we aimed to explore, in samples from 119 unrelated individuals, not only the effects of AMY1 CNV on salivary amylase protein expression and amylase enzyme activity but also whether there is any evidence for underlying difference between the common haplotypes containing odd numbers of AMY1 and even copy number haplotypes.

Results

AMY1 copy number was significantly correlated with the variation observed in salivary amylase production (11.7% of variance, P < 0.0005) and enzyme activity (13.6% of variance, P < 0.0005) but did not explain the majority of observed variation between individuals. AMY1-odd and AMY1-even haplotypes showed a different relationship between copy number and expression levels, but the difference was not statistically significant (P = 0.052).

Conclusions

Production of salivary amylase is correlated with AMY1 CNV, but the majority of interindividual variation comes from other sources. Long-range haplotype structure may affect expression, but this was not significant in our data.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Genome instability, Amylase, CNV, Gene expression
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1186/s40246-017-0097-3
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2017 09:34
Last Modified: 27 Feb 2017 13:54
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40334

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