Fabrication and microstrain evolution of Al-TiB2 composite coating by cold spray deposition

Chen, H. and Pala, Z. and Hussain, T. and McCartney, D.G. (2017) Fabrication and microstrain evolution of Al-TiB2 composite coating by cold spray deposition. Proceedings of the Institution of Mechanical Engineers, Part L: Journal of Materials: Design and Applications . pp. 1-9. ISSN 2041-3076

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Abstract

This paper investigates the microstructure evolution of Al-TiB2 coatings prepared by cold spraying. In situ Al-TiB2 composite powders containing uniformly distributed titanium diboride (TiB2) particles with a size range of 5 to 100 nm in the Al matrix and Al/Al-TiB2 blended powders were used as the cold spray feedstock for coating fabrication on aluminium alloy substrates. The microstructures of the feedstock powders and as-deposited coatings were characterised using scanning electron microscopy with energy dispersive X-ray (EDX) analysis and X-ray diffraction (XRD). Al/Al-TiB2 blended powder coatings, compromising closely packed powder particles, were sprayed to an approximate thickness of 500 μm. Al-TiB2 composite coatings (approximately 50 μm thick) were obtained retaining the microstructure of the composite powders being sprayed and no evidence of detrimental phase transformation was found. However, micro-cracks were found to exist in the Al-TiB2 coating due to the hardly deformable powder particles. Little or no microstrain was revealed in the as-sprayed Al-TiB2 coating, indicating that annealing may have occurred due to the localised adiabatic heating during the spraying process. It is demonstrated that it is possible to fabricate the Al-TiB2 composite coating by cold spray deposition but further improvements to eliminate coating cracking are required.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Aluminium matrix composite, cold spray, Al-TiB2, cracking, microstrain
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham Ningbo China > Faculty of Science and Engineering > Department of Mechanical, Materials and Manufacturing Engineering
University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Engineering
Identification Number: 10.1177/1464420717690559
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2017 14:42
Last Modified: 14 Oct 2017 15:22
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40323

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