Physiological roles of macrophages

Gordon, Siamon and Martinez-Pomares, Luisa (2017) Physiological roles of macrophages. Pflügers Archiv European Journal of Physiology . pp. 1-10. ISSN 1432-2013

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Abstract

Macrophages are present in mammals from midgestation, contributing to physiologic homeostasis throughout life. Macrophages arise from yolk sac and foetal liver progenitors during embryonic development in the mouse and persist in different organs as heterogeneous, self-renewing tissue-resident populations. Bone marrow-derived blood monocytes are recruited after birth to replenish tissue-resident populations and to meet further demands during inflammation, infection and metabolic perturbations. Macrophages of mixed origin and different locations vary in replication and turnover, but are all active in mRNA and protein synthesis, fulfilling organ-specific and systemic trophic functions, in addition to host defence. In this review we emphasise selected properties and non-immune functions of tissue macrophages which contribute to physiologic homeostasis.

Item Type: Article
Keywords: Macrophages, Homeostasis, Tissue heterogeneity, Physiology, Receptors, Phagocytosis
Schools/Departments: University of Nottingham, UK > Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences > School of Life Sciences
Identification Number: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00424-017-1945-7
Depositing User: Eprints, Support
Date Deposited: 03 Feb 2017 13:53
Last Modified: 12 Feb 2017 15:17
URI: http://eprints.nottingham.ac.uk/id/eprint/40317

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